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Theory of Power and Motions


Normal Motion (potonguro)

performed at normal speed with a pause long enough to show when one move has completely finished and the next is about to begin. It has one sign wave movement and one breath for each technique.

Fast motion (balli)

two or more moves performed in “double-time” due to the second sign wave only being half of the normal sign wave, as you have less time to utilize the full range of movement.

Continuous motion (iojin tongjak)

two or more moves linked by one continuous breath.

Connecting motion (yon gyol tongjak)

two or more moves performed within the same sign wave that are linked by breath. The first move sets-up the opening for the second, therefore the first is always a block and the second move is an attack. However, there are some exceptions.

Slow motion (chonchonhi)

used to show the practitioners movement, technique, breath-control and timing. It demonstrates the synchronization of hands, feet, eyes and breathe, and is performed to the count of 4 seconds.

Pushing motion

a movement performed with no impact. This is because one does not intend to cause severe damage or trauma to the opponent when defending their attacks.

Theory of Power

Simply put, the theory of power is the multiplication of mass and speed. The greater these two individual components are, then the more power generated.

It can be defined as the application of the scientific formula:

“Kinetic Energy = ½ MV squared, where m = mass and V = velocity/speed”

The theory of power is made-up of 6 main components:

  • Reaction force (opposite reaction)
  • Equilibrium (balance and stability)
  • Breath control (utilising the breath)
  • Mass (utilizing body weight)
  • Speed/velocity (maximising the speed)
  • Concentration (target area)